A year has passed after the cowardly attack by terrorists on innocent civilians of Mumbai last November.
What is the situation now? Did the terrorists attain their aims? Have the terrorists strengthened or weakened as a result of the Mumbai attack? Are we capable of preventing such terrorist strike in future? Let me try to find some answers.
Did the terrorists attain their aims?
What were their aims?
1.To attain maximum publicity for themselves and their cause.
They got good publicity for themselves but I feel most people are unsure about their cause.
2. To increase the Hindu-Muslim divide in India, there by destabilising it.
They failed in that aim. The terror strike actually reduced the Hindu-Muslim divide in most part of the country. Those who died were of all religion, caste and class and this fact helped in rallying the country together against terrorism All most all Muslim organisations condemned the attacks in unison. Even most [not all] Political leaders behaved maturely, not attempting to fish in troubled waters. A.R.Antulay, the Congress
Minister was one of the regretful exceptions..
3.Induce a Hindu backlash in India which will help them to get more supporters in Kashmir and in Pakistan.
Here again they failed. The secular fabric of India remained more or less intact. The fact that BJP failed to win elections to the Parliament and Maharashtra Assembly is an indicator that the public at large is fed up with hate politics. The good participation of electorate in Kashmir elections is also a pointer in this direction.
The gruesome attack discredited the terrorists through out the World. The Pakistani public also was shocked at the incident. After the attack the support framework for the Islamist terrorists in Pakistan actually weakened.
4. Induce a military response from India against Pakistan, which will help in uniting whole of Pakistan and most Muslim countries against India.
Even though warmongers with vested interests tried their best, the Indian Government behaved maturely. Using diplomatic channels and with help of USA and other countries India was able to make Pakistan start a process of prosecution of the main accused. India might not have had everything the way it wanted, but a war would have meant disaster for the sub-continent.
Have the terrorists strengthened or weakened as a result of the Mumbai attack?
I feel the terror outfits have weakened considerably after the Mumbai attacks. After few months of self-denial Pakistan was forced to admit the role of Pakistani jihadi outfits. Many were arrested and court cases have started. May be the turning point was the attack on Sri Lankan Cricketers in Lahore. The fact that these terrorists are more dangerous to Pakistan than any other country was revealed to the Pakistani public. The Pakistani army started a crack down on terrorists and Taliban. Now many are on the run or killed.
This does not mean the terrorists are completely defeated. They are sure to re-group and try to mount an attack again as they did in Dhaka recently. An India friendly and democratically elected Government in Bangladesh was able to thwart the attack.
Are we capable of preventing such terrorist strike in future?
We have a much stronger security apparatus now to defend our Country. Will that be sufficient to prevent such terrorist strikes? I do not know. A different style of attack may still find us napping. So eternal vigilance is a must.
Prevention of growth of homegrown Islamist terror outfits is also very important.
a. Clamping down on all types of communal propaganda both by Sangh Parivar and Islamists
b. Speedy and just handling of all cases of atrocities against minorities
c. Speedy and just trials for all terrorists, whether of Saffron or Islamist variety.
are all important for this.
Government should be able to win the heart and minds all minorities of India including Kashmiris by a just and secular administration.
The present Government has to go a long way to achieve these aims.
As we bow our heads in memory of the dead of 26/11 Mumbai terror strike let us hope that such an attack will never happen again in India or for that matter anywhere else in the World. Let us work together for attaining such an aim.